Israel has promulgated legislation to enforce the introduction of a biometric NID. The laws have incited debate. Israel Democracy Institute’s article sets out the arguments against the legislation, and the result of the controversy is that:

“A storm is currently raging in the Knesset and among the Israeli public regarding a proposed law that would authorize the government to create a biometric database. The final vote on the law has been postponed for two years, during which time the database will be developed on a trial basis (as a “pilot” project).”

More at:
Israel’s Biometric Database Deemed “Harmful” by High Court Justices
The State of Israel and the Biometric Database Law: Political Centrism and the Post-Democratic State